Doctor Temp Patterson Reveals Key Aspects of Otolaryngology
Otolaryngology, also known as otorhinolaryngology, is a specialty within surgical medicine which deals with conditions affecting the ear, nose, and throat, as well as related structures of the head and neck. Physicians such as Doctor Temp Patterson who specialize in this area may be referred to as otolaryngologists, otorhinolaryngologists, ENT doctors, ENT surgeons, or head and neck surgeons.
“Patients most commonly seek treatment from an otolaryngologist for diseases or other conditions of the ear, nose, throat, and base of the skull, as well as for the surgical management of benign tumors and cancers of the head and neck area,” explains Dr. Patterson, an otolaryngologist from Burley, Idaho.
In the U.S., otolaryngologists are physicians who have completed at least five years of surgical residency training. Over this period, Dr. Patterson and fellow ENT doctors carry out six months of general surgical training plus four and a half years in specialist surgery. This five year period of residency training follows completion of four years of college education and a further four years of medical school.
With residency training complete, some newly-qualified otolaryngologists also opt to partake in an advanced subspecialty fellowship. This most often entails a further two years of training. “In the United States, otorhinolaryngology is among the most competitive specialties in medicine,” says Dr. Patterson, “in which to obtain a residency position after medical school.”
Otolaryngologist Doctor Temp Patterson looks at the surgical specialty and its subspecialties.
Subspecialty fellowships most commonly cover either head and neck oncologic surgery, facial plastic and reconstructive surgery, otology, neurotology, rhinology, and sinus surgery, laryngology and voice disorders, pediatric otorhinolaryngology, or sleep medicine.
Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery cover facial cosmetic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, traumatic reconstruction, and craniofacial surgery. A one-year fellowship, facial plastic, and reconstructive surgery specialties are open to otolaryngologists. As well as plastic surgeons wishing to specialize in the reconstructive and aesthetic surgery above the shoulders.
Neurotology addresses conditions specifically of the middle and inner ear and temporal bone. In addition to conditions affecting coordination, balance, or causing dizziness, skull base surgery, and cochlear implants.
“Pediatric otorhinolaryngology specialists also deal with cochlear implants. As well as velopalatine insufficiency, cleft lip and palate, conditions of the airway, and vascular malformations in younger patients. While sleep medicine manages sleep disorders, sleep apnea surgery, and sleep investigations.”
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